A low carbohydrate diet is a diet that is currently being followed. Because, this diet is known to have many benefits, one of which is losing weight. A study shows the impact of a low carbohydrate diet that is detrimental to intestinal health if done too extreme. So, you must be wise when running this diet.
Relationship to low carbohydrate diet and intestinal health
Low carbohydrate diets do have many benefits. But too low carbohydrates also harm the body. That’s according to research conducted by a lecturer, Richard Agans from Wright State University Dayton. In the journal Applied and Environmental Microbiology in 2018.
The study aims to see what happens to the condition of the intestine when a person changes his diet. From a balanced diet, a low-carbohydrate diet.
In this study Agans made replicas of human intestines using various tools with the latest technology. And using feces from donors to carry out this research.
This study found that the number of bacteria in their intestines decreased. The reduced amount of bacteria needed by the intestine raises a problem. Because over time it will reduce the production of short chain fatty acids and antioxidants in the intestine. In fact, these two compounds are very necessary to maintain intestinal health.
Lack of carbohydrates increases the risk of colon cancer
Short chain fatty acids and antioxidants in the intestine are very important chemical compounds. Its function is to fight DNA damage and aging due to free radicals in intestinal cells. When these two compounds are reduced, the chances of inflammation and the risk of colon cancer will increase.
So, according to researchers, the impact of an extreme low-carbohydrate diet is actually dangerous, not healthy. Too little carbohydrate will reduce the production of short chain fatty acids and antioxidants in the intestine.
Even so, this research still needs to be reevaluated. Because, not yet known with certainty how much should be the ratio of carbohydrates, proteins, and fats. What is needed to be able to safely maintain intestinal health.
Carbohydrates increase important chemical compounds in the intestine
If someone consumes enough carbohydrates, you not only get energy but your intestines are also healthier. When carbohydrates enter the intestine, intestinal bacteria will metabolize carbohydrates directly and release short chain fatty acids. Likewise with antioxidants.
However, when the carbohydrates that enter very little. Then nothing stimulates intestinal bacteria to release important chemical compounds for the intestine.
A low carbohydrate diet is okay, but …
Sometimes people just forget or are too enthusiastic about following a dietary trend to cut down on carbohydrate food sources. Without thinking what the impact of a low-carb diet is on the extreme. In fact, carbohydrates still have a function that is not less important than fat and protein.
Carbohydrates are the main energy source for the body. In one gram of carbohydrates produce as much as 4 calories of energy. Energy from carbohydrates can be used directly or can become energy savings if later needed. The central nervous system and brain also naturally depend on energy from carbohydrates.
In addition, carbohydrates also help maintain the amount of protein or muscle mass in the body. When the amount of carbohydrates is insufficient, the body automatically takes protein as an energy source. So that it can reduce body muscle mass. And also Carbohydrates work to control weight.