Tingling that causes sensations such as numbness or numbness. This can happen at any time, for example after sitting cross-legged for a long time. The causes of tingling can also vary. There are temporary tingling and some are prolonged. Let’s recognizing cause of frequent tingling.
In medical terms called paresthesia is a tingling or numb sensation accompanied by a needle-like feeling. This happens when the nerve accidentally gets pressure so that the blood flow to the nerve is not smooth.
There is also a temporary tingling and prolonged tingling known as chronic paresthesia. Tingling can also be caused by health problems or certain diseases. Below are the causes of temporary and chronic tingling.
Causes of Temporary Tingling
Not only occurs in the arms or legs. Temporary tingling occurs when there are limbs that experience pressure for a long time. This makes the blood supply to the nerves in the area obstructed. You can feel tingling in the legs after sitting cross-legged or wearing shoes too small. Tingling in the hands can also be felt, for example when sleeping with the head position on the arms.
Because it is temporary, this condition can subside by itself if you release the tingling area from the pressure. Like straightening your legs after sitting cross-legged or releasing a crushed hand. That way the blood flow will return smoothly.
Another cause is Raynaud’s disease. This disease affects the blood supply to certain areas of the body, such as the fingers and toes. This disease especially attacks when the patient is stressed, nervous, or in a cold room.
Causes of Prolonged Tingling
Prolonged tingling is usually related to your health condition. For example due to suffering from diabetes, kidney disorders, liver disease, strokes, brain tumors, cancer. And also hormonal imbalances, multiple sclerosis, carpal tunnel syndrome, ulnar nerve compression.
In addition, drugs that you are taking can also trigger tingling. For example chemotherapy drugs used to treat breast cancer and lymphoma, anti-seizure drugs, antibiotics, and drugs for HIV / AIDS.
Exposure to toxic substances can also cause tingling. Toxic substances are related, for example mercury, thallium, lead, arsenic, and some other industrial chemicals.
Other factors that cause prolonged tingling. It is malnutrition due to poor diet, lack of vitamin B12, and the result of consuming alcoholic beverages excessively.
How to Find Out the Exact Cause of Tingling?
If you often feel tingling, you can ask the cause to the doctor. The doctor will trace the medical history and complaints, and carry out a physical examination and investigation. Some supporting tests may be undertaken. Such as blood tests, electromyogram (EMG) tests, cerebrospinal fluid examination, nerve conduction tests, MRI, and biopsy.
After the diagnosis is made, the doctor can determine the treatment for the tingling that you experience. For example, if tingling occurs due to diabetes, the doctor will remind you to always control blood sugar levels. By giving drugs to maintain blood sugar levels, and applying a healthy diet.
In general, tingling can be minimized by implementing a healthier lifestyle, for example:
- Exercise regularly.
- Avoid exposure to poisons.
- Avoid or limit consumption of alcoholic beverages.
- Stop smoking.
- Healthy diet.
- Maintain ideal weight.
- Treat and control chronic diseases if there are, such as diabetes or kidney disease.
Most cases of tingling that occur are temporary. You are advised to see a doctor immediately if your tingling experience worsens. Accompanied by the appearance of a rash, dizziness, muscle spasms, frequent urination and pain in the neck. Then the body feels weak or unable to move, or loses consciousness.